The International Day for Biological Diversity and the Day of Nature Protection in the Republic of Croatia are celebrated on this date, May 22nd.
The United Nations declared International Day for Biological Diversity in 1993 to highlight the great role that biodiversity plays in sustainable development, and as a memory of the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted on 22nd of May 1992.
Nature Protection Day in the Republic of Croatia has been marked since 2003 by a Decision of the Croatian Parliament.
This year, the International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated under the slogan "Our solutions are in nature". This slogan emphasizes the importance of working together to build a future that is in harmony with nature.
Given the current situation with the COVID-19 pandemic, the world is called upon to rethink its relationship to nature. About 70 percent of new diseases in the human population are zoonoses that have been passed from wild animals to humans as hosts. Loss and degradation of natural habitats, especially forest ecosystems, changes in the composition of living communities, loss of natural hosts, increased human contact with wildlife and their uncontrolled use are reasons to increase the risk of pathogens passing from wild animals to humans.
It is the current health crisis that has shown that despite our technological progress we are completely dependent on healthy ecosystems that are a prerequisite for preserving human health, drinking water, quality air, quality and healthy food, medicines, clothing, effective response to the climate crisis, etc.
Nature protection certainly contributes to economic development. As much as half of the global gross domestic product, or 40 trillion euros, depends on nature.
Ambitious and urgent action is needed at all levels in society, from individuals to institutions to ensure development and existence in harmony with nature.
Biodiversity means the totality of all living organisms that are integral parts of terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and ecological complexes, and includes diversity within species, between species, and diversity between ecosystems.
The Republic of Croatia is considered one of the richest countries in Europe in terms of biodiversity. The reason for this is the specific geographical position of Croatia at the crossroads of three biogeographical regions, each of which is characterized by special ecological, climatic and geomorphological conditions. The great diversity of habitats has also resulted in a great wealth of wild taxa (species and subspecies). So far, a total of about 40 thousand species are known, most of which (about 25 thousand) are invertebrates. However, the estimated number of species is significantly higher, with estimates ranging from at least 50 thousand to more than hundred thousand. Each year, scientists record, discover, and describe new species and subspecies - Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy writes.