In the period of just five years, thanks to emigration, in 2018, Croatia has a 2.4 percent decrease in population than in 2013, and it is particularly worrying that even in the large cities, the centers of municipalities, despite the migration of new people, the number of those who left the city still exceeds those who live there – Jutarnji.hr reports.
More specifically, in the last five years, just over 88 thousand people have immigrated to Croatia, but at the same time 189 thousand have left it, and thanks to enormous population loss rates in some already badly populated municipalities, demographers fear increasing numbers of the empty areas, on which it will be difficult to organize a new life in the future.
Examples are municipalities such as Civljan and Ervenik in the Sibenik-Knin County, which have lost 39.3 percent or 37.8 percent of the population in five years, which means that every third inhabitant has left the area during the period of five years.
When it comes to statistics on migration from and to abroad, it shows that in only five years only 96 cities and municipalities recorded population growth as a result of immigration, while 463 recorded a minus due to emigration and in 42, or 7.5 percent, the emigration rate is recorded in double digits.
As Jutarnji.hr writes, the statistics are even more cruel, especially in favor of centralization when looking at internal and external migration statistics: in this case, as many as 137 cities and municipalities have recorded a double-digit rate of decline, which means that there is a lack of population due to migration within Croatia and abroad and that is the problem of every fourth local government unit.
In spite of the thoughts that emigration usually occurs in smaller towns, the Central Bureau of Statistics also shows that big cities - the centers of counties - have a problem too.
For example, if we only look at the data on migration to or from abroad, out of 20 cities, the number of immigrants exceeded emigrants in only three of them, Dubrovnik, Pula and Split, but when statistics on internal migration of residents are included in the figure, only Dubrovnik has a positive rate with 1.5 percent and Zagreb with 0.3 percent.
The statistics that talk about the cities and municipalities with the highest population growth is also interesting, given that it overlaps somewhat with the names of the cities and municipalities that give the highest compensation for newborns.
For example, the municipality of Sali in Dugi otok has a population growth of 16 percent and at the same time gives 60 thousand kuna to each family who welcomes a child, Vis has a population growth of 6.5 percent and a population policy that provides over 60 thousand kuna for a third child, and the municipality of Vir recorded a population growth of 14.2 percent, where they reward the family with 7500 kuna for the first child – Jutarnji.hr reports.