The Italian Ministry of Sport and the Italian Olympic Committee (CONI) have compiled a list of sports by coronavirus risk category.
The extensive study, entitled "Sport Safely Launches," has more than 400 pages and was produced in collaboration with Politecnico di Torino. The document provides an overview of the level of risk and the measures required to be restarted in relation to each of the 387 recognized sport disciplines, with the recommendations of the Italian Sports Medical Association (FMSI). It also contains a list of 387 sports disciplines, ranging from 0 to 4 depending on the risk of Covid-19 infection.
On the risk scale, 0 represents non-existent risk, 1 weak, 2 medium, 3 large, and 4 high, in relation to the conditions for training, competition and public presence.
Reportedly, sports that offer almost no possibility of spreading the infection are sailing, open water swimming, golf and tennis.
As for tennis, it also has rules that recommend that tennis players wear goggles and gloves and that each player has their own balls at the service.
Categories 0 and 1 are solely individual sports, among them athletics. However, some athletic disciplines increase from zero during training to the third category due to the number of athletes in action.
As for collective sports, water polo, which is in category two, has the lowest risk of spreading the virus, with the explanation that water polo is played in chlorinated water, which can disable the virus.
Football is placed in category three, while rugby, basketball, volleyball and handball are in the "most endangered" category four, as are all martial arts.
It is stated that in indoor sports, contact is more frequent, space is smaller, and volleyball is specific because actions take place in a line, where athletes are very close to each other.
For players in collective sports, it is recommended that they be tested 48 hours before each match, that reserve players on the benches wear masks and that all equipment is disinfected.
This document should help the Italian Government decide how and when to restart sporting competitions in a country where more than 27,000 people have died from coronaviruses.